Kidney Disease

What are the signs / symptoms of kidney disease and hypertension?

Many people with chronic renal disease and hypertension are fully able-bodied and have no ailments. A diagnosis can be only made following a medical examination.

Other people with renal disease and hypertension have subjective symptoms. These symptoms are, however, mostly non-specific.

Tiredness is a common symptom. In most cases, the reason for the tiredness is anaemia because the kidneys produce the hormone Erythropoietin (EPO) that is responsible for the formation of red blood cells.

Symptoms of poisoning may result from reduced kidney function. The signs are again not very specific. The patient has a poor appetite and possibly swollen ankles or shortness of breath due to inadequate elimination of water and common salt. The pulse may be irregular, reflecting elevated potassium levels.

Interestingly, a so-called polyuria materializes in a few individual patients with reduced kidney function, i.e. the patient has to drink a lot because the kidneys lose a disproportionate amount of water and common salt.

If kidney disease exists for a long time, hyperactivity of the parathyroid glands with high calcium levels may develop along with vitamin D deficiency and bone pain and fractures.

In addition, kidney disease can lead to flank pain, with or without fever, which can spread to the groin. The cause of this is frequently a kidney stone. A few patients experience a red coloring or foaming of their urine due to the elimination of protein. Burning when passing water or the frequent passing of small amounts of urine can be a sign of an infection.